Today, in this post, you are going to learn what is the present tense? Present tense is the time of action that is used to express what’s happening in the current time.
In this post, I will teach you the definition of present tense, structures, rules and examples; I hope that you will read this post and learn present tense step by step; Let’s start.
Definition Of Present Tense : According to the Oxford Learner’s Dictionary, “the present tense is “the form of a verb that expresses an action that is happening now or at the time of speaking.”
The Cambridge Dictionary defines present tense as “the form of the verb that is used to show what happens or exists now.”
Some examples here : Ravi goes to bed at 9 P.M. / She is writing her name in her copy. / She has gone to Mumbai. / I have been teaching in this college for five years.
Types Of Present Tense :
- Simple Present Tense : Present tense is used to express habitual, or regular or repeated action.
- Present Continuous Tense : An action going on at the time of speaking.What Is The Simple Present Tense And Present Indefinite Tense ?
- Present Perfect Tense : used to express an action that is indefinite and still has its effect on the subject or object in the sentence.
- Present Perfect Continuous Tense : used to express an action that began in the recent past and is still going on.
What Is The Simple Present Tense And Present Indefinite Tense ?
Present tense is used to express habitual, or regular or repeated action –
Structure : [ Subj + First form of the verb + (s/es) + Object + Other Word ]
Note : ‘s/es’ is used only with singular subject; with plural subject; don’t use ‘s/es’; ‘es’ is used at the last of the verb that ends with ‘o, ch, sh, x, s’
- Rakesh goes to school at 7 A.M.
- He always watches the movie on Friday.
- She prepares breakfast daily in the morning.
- I read a newspaper every morning.
- He likes to drink tea without sugar.
- We work in the field eight hours a day.
- I live at Sarnath in Varanasi.
- We are the students of this college.
- He is a good doctor.
- Neha and Sonam are very laborious girls.
- I get up at 5 a.m. every morning.
Negative Structure : [ Subject + doesn’t (with singular subject) /don’t (with plural subject) + First form of the verb + Object + Other Word ]
- He doesn’t speak English in the class.
- She doesn’t like you.I don’t watch movies.
- They don’t learn English in this school.
- You don’t come here again.
- Ram and Shyaam never go to school.
Yes/No Type Interrogative Structure : [ Do/Does + Subject + (not) + first form of the verb + object + other word + ? ] [ Do/Does + Subject + (not) + first form of the verb + object + other word + ? ]
- Does she not come here nowadays?
- Do you like it?
- Does Ram watch the T.V. all day?
- Does he go to school daily?
W.H. Word Type Interrogative Structure : [ W.H.word (Question Words) + do/does + Subject + (not) + first form of the verb + object + other word + ? ]
- Where do you live in Varanasi?
- Which type of book does he like?
- What does she know about you?
- How do you do this work?
- Why does Radha come here again and again?
- At what time do you get up in the morning?
There are some time expressing adverbs that are used to express habitual, or regular or repeated action; remember it; all these time expressing adverbs are always used in the present tense –
Time expressing adverbs : always, often, sometimes, generally, usually, occasionally, rarely, seldom, never, hardly, scarcely, habitually, daily, everyday, every night, every morning, every evening, every week, every month, every year, once a week, once a day, once a month, twice a day, twice a week, twice a month
Examples here :
- He always comes here at night.
- He generally reads this book before sleeping at night.
- I usually teach him at night.
- He sometimes talks to me in the morning.
- He often comes here at night.
- He rarely comes here at night.He seldom comes here at night.
- He never comes here at night.
Learn Present Continuous Tense With Examples And Structur
Definition : An action going on at the time of speaking.
Structure : [ Subject + is/am/are + (not) + first form of the verb + ing + object + other word ]
- They are learning English and Hindi.
- Rohan is telling a story to me.
- The girls are playing football.
- Ravi is playing in my team.
- She is writing a book on this subject.
- Your teacher is teaching us this chapter.
- We are not going to market.
- Sita and Rita are not shopping.
- I am speaking English now.
Yes/No Type Interrogative Structures : [ Is/Am/Are (according to subject’s number and person) + Subject + (not) + Verb + ing + Object + Other Word + ? ]
- Is he coming here now?
- Are you not going to see him?
- Am I not playing on this team?
- Is Rakesh reading this book?
- Are Radha and Rekha not making a noise in the class?
- Is he talking on the phone?
Question Words Type Interrogative Structure : [ Question word + is/am/are + Subject + (not) + verb + ing + object + other word + ? ]
- Why are you going to Delhi?
- Which book are you reading?
- Where is your father going with you?
- How are you speaking English?
- What are you doing here?
- To whom are you talking on the phone?
Learn Present Perfect Tense With Examples And Structure –
Definition : used to express an action that is indefinite and still has its effect on the subject or object in the sentence.
Structure : [ Subject + has(with singular subject) /have (with plural subject) + (not) + third form of the verb + object + other word ]
- He has done his homework.
- I have watched this movie.
- Ravi has not completed his project.
- Sunil and Sohan have started his own business.
- You have not told me about that.
- Has he gone to school?
- Have you helped her in the class?
- What have you brought from the market?
- Why has he gone to meet her?
- Which book have you read?
- From Where have you passed 10+2 ?
Present Perfect Continuous Tense With Examples And Structures :
Definition : used to express an action that began in the recent past and is still going on.
Structure : [ Subject + has / have + (not) + been + verb + ing + object + other word + since/for + time ]
Note : ‘for’ is used for period of time and ‘since’ for point of time; try to understand the use of it through examples –
- He has been learning English for five years.
- You have been working in the field since morning.
- I have not been going to college for two days.
- She has not been doing a job since April.
- Have you not been going to the market for one week?
- Where have you been living since 2021 ?
- What have you been doing here for two hours?
- Who has been standing at the door for three hours?
Exercise Of Present Tense :Q.1.Supply the correct form of the given verbs :
- Good students always……..hard . (works/work)
- He usually………..Bhojpuri . ( speak/speaks )
- Mother always …………. food in the kitchen . ( cook/cooks )
- A vegetarian is a person who never …………. meat . ( eat/eats )
- They ……… to the hill station for a month every summer . ( go/goes )
- An honest man always ………. the truth . ( speak/speaks )
- My beloved often ……….. me in the evening . ( visit/visits )
- She rarely . ………… out for a walk on Sundays . ( go/goes )
- You sometimes ………… late to the office . ( come/comes )
- There are some birds that……..every year. (migrate/migrates)
- There… … . some birds in the sky. (is/are)
- He… … gone to the village with his father. (has/have)
- Ravi… … studying in this college for 5 years. (has been/have been)
I hope that you learned the present tense; now, you can use it in your daily used sentences. If you are unable to understand; try again; it will take some time to learn completely; it’s based on your practice.